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Certain types of air guns (usually rifles) may also propel darts or arrows.
The first air guns were developed as early as the 1500s.
They have been used in hunting, sporting and warfare.
Modern air guns use one of three types of power source depending on the design: spring-piston, pneumatic, and bottled compressed gas (most commonly carbon dioxide).
During this time over 4,000 air rifle clubs and associations existed across Great Britain, many of them in Birmingham.Matches were held in public houses, which sponsored shooting teams.Prizes, such as a leg of mutton for the winning team, were paid for by the losing team.The rifle was said to be capable of 22 aimed shots per minute and had a rifled bore of 0.452 in (11.5 mm) and a groove diameter 0.462 in (11.7 mm).One of the first commercially successful and mass-produced air guns was manufactured by the William F.
Markham's Markham Air Rifle Company in Plymouth, Michigan.