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In response, Clarence Hamilton from the neighboring Plymouth Air Rifle Company (later renamed to Daisy Manufacturing Company in 1895) marketed their all-metal Daisy BB Gun in early 1888, which prompted Markham to respond with their Chicago model in 1888 followed by the King model in 1890.
The Chicago model was sold by Sears, Roebuck for 73 cents in its catalog.
Circa 1820, the Japanese inventor Kunitomo Ikkansai developed various manufacturing methods for guns, and also created an air gun based on the study of Western knowledge ("rangaku") acquired from the Dutch in Dejima.
The celebrated Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804) carried a reservoir air gun.
It held 22 .46 caliber round balls in a tubular magazine mounted on the side of the barrel.
The butt served as the air reservoir and had a working pressure of 800 psi (55 bar).
The air reservoir was a removable, club-shaped, butt.
The Windbüchse carried twenty-two .51 caliber (13 mm) lead balls in a tubular magazine.
Prizes, such as a leg of mutton for the winning team, were paid for by the losing team.In the hands of skilled soldiers, they gave the military a distinct advantage.France, Austria and other nations had special sniper detachments using air rifles.The sport became so popular that in 1899, the National Smallbore Rifle Association was created.During this time over 4,000 air rifle clubs and associations existed across Great Britain, many of them in Birmingham.
A skilled shooter could fire off one magazine in about thirty seconds.