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Turkish women received equal civil and political rights during Atatürk's presidency ahead of many Western countries.
In particular, women were given voting rights in local elections by Act no.
He subsequently proceeded to abolish the decrepit Ottoman Empire and proclaimed the foundation of the Turkish Republic in its place.
As the president of the newly formed Turkish Republic, Atatürk initiated a rigorous program of political, economic, and cultural reforms with the ultimate aim of building a modern, progressive, and secular nation-state.
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He was born Mustafa, and his second name Kemal (meaning Perfection or Maturity) was given to him by his mathematics teacher, Captain Üsküplü Mustafa Efendi, "in admiration of his capability and maturity" according to Afet Inan, In his early years, his mother encouraged Mustafa Kemal to attend a religious school, something he did reluctantly and only briefly.
He made primary education free and compulsory, opening thousands of new schools all over the country.
He also introduced the Latin-based Turkish alphabet, replacing the old Ottoman Turkish alphabet.
Atatürk is commemorated by many memorials throughout Turkey and numerous countries all over the world, where place names are named in honor of him.
Eleftherios Venizelos, former Prime Minister of Greece, forwarded Atatürk's name for the 1934 Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1896, he enrolled into the Monastir Military High School.